Css Position Center

The element was used to identify text that should be centered when rendered by a browser. Right actually my fault - I noticed that my posted CSS had. Fixed positioning is similar to absolute positioning, with the exception that the element's containing block is the initial containing block established by the viewport, unless any ancestor has transform, perspective, or filter property set to something other than none (see CSS Transforms Spec), which then causes that ancestor to take the place of the elements containing block. How to Position Text and Images Exactly and Relatively. The default positioning for all elements is position:static, which means the element is not positioned and occurs where it normally would in the document. CSS positioning allows you to position HTML elements anywhere you want on the screen. This video will show you how to make text center in vertical position using css. Getting elements positioned absolutely inside of a container is not terribly obvious and not very discoverable using CSS. Below is a realistic page layout. webdev radio: CSS and project management Published 7 years ago, running time 0h23m. Position CSS Generator This generator lets you easily position elements on top of another element. Let’s begin the absolute positioning adventure by considering the default layout mechanism. This has the effect of placing the element dead in the center. Now you have more control over HTML element alignment, including perfectly centering everything. You can float left or right, but there's no way to float center in CSS layout. To create a layout with sticky header and footer can be easily done using the CSS property position:fixed. You can either cut and paste that css or link to it directly in your html. CSS Profile collects information used for financial aid decisions. Centering a Banner. Right actually my fault - I noticed that my posted CSS had. What are other options for center center? I would like to center horizontally, but the top of the image should still be the top of the jumbotron. html file tests the using of the getElementById method to dynamically change div color, size, and coordinates in interesting ways. How to position, repeat, or scroll your background image. You can float left or right, but there's no way to float center in CSS layout. I'm learning CSS Grid. The CSS code needs to be changed slightly for different layouts, as shown below. Using image sprites will reduce the number of server requests and save bandwidth. Even in cases where text-align: center works, it works to center the children of the element with that value. Of course, by “absolutely centered” we are referring to content that remains positioned dead-center regardless of how the browser is resized. I've usually skipped over the topic of vertical centering, since there are some good posts already out …. The center column is fluid so that if you minimize the window the layout should fit every browser and resolution. The CSS position property defines, as the name says, how the element is positioned on the web page. CSS background-position Property - W3Schools. When an element's position property doesn't have a value of static, it's called a "positioned element". This consolidates them and gives you the code you need for each situation. In CSS, float-based layouts are not much flexible, however, a float is somewhat more difficult to center. This video will show you how to make text center in vertical position using css. Custom CSS in WordPress. You can also center some other important elements such as image, ul, table and even div inside div. All other aspects of layout are handled programmatically in JavaFX code. CSS Crib sheet #3 - Centering a Div | February 4, 2004. About "Can I use" provides up-to-date browser support tables for support of front-end web technologies on desktop and mobile web browsers. It seems like something you should be able to do, doesn't it?. Today I want to present 6 of those methods. Centering elements vertically with css is something that often gives designers trouble. Centering Things in CSS Using Flexbox Centering of elements on a page, especially vertical centering, has been notoriously difficult to do in the past with CSS and we've had to resolve to a number of hacks. CSS Lists; CSS Float ; Use CSS positioning to specify how an element is positioned and where it should be located on the page. Don't Use CSS Text Align Property for Alignment. The lack of good ways to vertically center elements in CSS has been a dark blemish on its reputation for pretty much its entire existence. How to Centre ("Center") Text on Your Web Page with CSS by Christopher Heng, thesitewizard. Terry — the positioning trick is just a feature of CSS, has been for ages. Outlook Conditional CSS It’s no secret that Microsoft’s Outlook desktop email client is the bane of every email designer’s existence. These can positioned in a fixed location or flow with the screen as the browser window size is adjusted. scappafailprimapossibile. To make text horizontally center, you have to use text-align:center. GridView control has default style properties for header row, data row and pager. Another good use of relative positioning is to notch an element to a certain position relative to its container, as shown by the following figure. Note the CSS styles used for centering the text within each of the child divisions. Of course, by "absolutely centered" we are referring to content that remains positioned dead-center regardless of how the browser is resized. Position these elements absolutely, so that they occupy the same place as the. When an element's position property doesn't have a value of static, it's called a "positioned element". For additional help, consult your theme's author or the WordPress Support forum for themes. The 1st menu, the one floated to the left, looks way more awkward than the centered menu, because we're used to seeing menus centered in web pages, just as we do many. CSS Arrow or CSS Triangle with examples on inline, file, selector, background, border, display, float, font, margin, opacity, overflow, padding, position, text-align. If only one value is specified, the second value is assumed to be center. Place a Left Positioned Sidebar Below the Main Content on Mobile. Centering a website is a key part of many CSS layouts. For example, you can specify whether you want the element positioned relative to its natural position. Note the CSS styles used for centering the text within each of the child divisions. While there are many ways to do it in a variety of situations, the following is an explanation that is purely CSS, avoids messing with percentages, and is compatible with all modern browsers. background-size 属性による違い. What are other options for center center? I would like to center horizontally, but the top of the image should still be the top of the jumbotron. Set #parent {position: relative} and child {position: absolute;}. Lesson 14: Positioning of elements. However, positioning an element using "position:absolute" in a center aligned website can be tricky. webdev radio: CSS and project management Published 7 years ago, running time 0h23m. The main CSS properties — background-position, background-repeat, and background-attachment — help you achieve the desired effect. So the browser doesn't change the position of the element, because of overflow:hidden (like the title of this post suggests). com I recently received an email from a visitor asking me how she could centre ("center" in US English) some text in the middle of a box. css background-position center left right top bottom背景定位教程,以及介绍center left right top bottom代表什么意思。从background-position结构语法分析到值意义介绍。. I often see people posting on CSS discussion lists to ask how to centre a div. Sometime throughout our coding careers, we've all found ourselves frustrated with centering things in CSS (looking up how to center a div within a div on Google or Stack Overflow. I have activated all of your plugins as well as the custom CSS plugin you recommend, but I still can’t seem to figure out how to change the header and logo positioning. Relative positioning changes the position of the HTML element relative to where it normally appears. We’re going to follow that up with another CSS layout talk, this time based around a fundamental question that almost every new developer asks: how do you center something?. Recently, we took a dive into the very core concepts behind CSS layout and explored the differences between absolute and relative positioning. Getting elements positioned absolutely inside of a container is not terribly obvious and not very discoverable using CSS. Declaring just one value for the CSS background-position property defines the horizontal offset, and the vertical offset is set to center by default. the centre of the ellipse or circle. The CSS position property lets you alter the positioning scheme of a particular element. A cheat sheet for the basics of CSS layout properties. However consider this, you have a page that is already positioned center using margin: auto. It has a top header div and three columms. Send the generated code to the interactive editor to make further manual adjustments on your design. Tip: By default, a background-image is placed at the top-left corner of an element, and repeated both vertically and horizontally. If you are interested in reading about the font properties, articles about the relative font. Horizontally Centered Absolute Positioning. Centering Blocks of Content With CSS Blocks of content are created by using the HTML. CSS positioning allows you to position HTML elements anywhere you want on the screen. Example snippets with Bootstrap HTML, JavaScript and CSS. however, I want to remove the orange button play and the player down my iframe. WebsiteTips. You can manipulate how the content gets positioned via the Advanced option in the design bar to set the content to use an absolute position. CSS has several properties to aid in positioning HTML elements. So if you have intelligence, intellect, team-spirit, leadership qualities, commonsense, originality, communication skills and have a dynamic personality, then Civil Service is waiting for you. When Microsoft added their proprietary 'expression's to CSS in Internet Explorer 5, I jumped at the chance to use these to position the absolute element. Use CSS vertical-align Property. eyes on euu//__ body { background-attachment: fixed. CSS has several properties to aid in positioning HTML elements. Recently, a reader named Max encountered some scrolling issues while implementing our absolutely centered layout technique. Div position relative to parent Center a Div within another Div. CSS3, the latest CSS standard, is modular and, as such, various chunks of it are at various stages of development, review, testing, and implementation by standards-setting bodies and browser manufacturers. Want to align an image on a web page? Need side-by-side graphics and text? This page should solve your basic graphics and HTML questions. Just choose the Additional CSS tab when customizing your current theme to get started!. In this article, we will discuss the different ways to position such elements. Just make the radius half of the width and height of the element to make a perfect circle, or simply use:. CSS is the language that tells web browsers how to render the different parts of a web page. The CSS property transform is usally used for rotating and scaling elements, but with its translateY function we can now vertically align elements. How a box's position is calculated. CSS3 and HTML5 demos and experiments in styling, menus, forms, buttons and images; free HTML5 templates for you to add your own content to and HTML5 layouts for you to style yourself. Content alignment continues to be one of the big problems with CSS only layouts because there are number of ways where CSS simply is inadequate to properly position elements in inline layout: centering and right alignment of block elements particularily. Using image sprites will reduce the number of server requests and save bandwidth. The lack of good ways to vertically center elements in CSS has been a dark blemish on its reputation for pretty much its entire existence. background-size 属性による違い. jQuery UI is a curated set of user interface interactions, effects, widgets, and themes built on top of the jQuery JavaScript Library. ‹‹ homejQuery BlockUI Plugin (v2) - Positioning Demo This page shows how to override blockUI's auto centering logic. com/static/v1/v-css/navbar Credits. Divs with position: relative; 2 A div is a block element (see a list of others in the link). if you want to make the div as center you can us the css 3 property flex method and. But for better UI we have to create custom CSS. However, the main reason behind this article was to explain how to position an element to right of the screen, using absolute. DIV+CSS position绝对定位absolute relative基础语法结构,通过position绝对定位应用图文案例(代码)与DIVCSS5经验总结为教程让大家掌握position属性样式。. title> window. You can float left or right, but there's no way to float center in CSS layout. CSS 3 & 4 should be limited to widely-supported elements only, or strong fallbacks should be provided. He does this with the help of "spacer" elements that have proportional flex-basis percentages. Adding a fifth will increase the width, meaning you'd need to alter the CSS, too. This is something. Le coin haut gauche de l'image arrière-plan est positionné par rapport au point d'origine spécifié par la propriété Css background-origin dans la zone d'arrière-plan. There's a function to handle the repositioning and a couple event handlers that tell it when to run. I usually also usually align elements either to the left, right, or center using CSS. Today I'll cover two basic centering methods to get you started, and I'll also point you to some resources for learning more advanced centering techniques. Hi, Does any one no how to fix the problem with centering a div and using position: fixed; in the same css. Love is so wonderful title> window. These will have different. CSS d isplay: i nline-block: why it rocks, and why it sucks Published on Wednesday, February 24, 2010. This is great news for people wanting the extra control, provided they're content to use the left or right edge of the browser as a starting point. HARO! xP window. The information in these tutorials is essential for the WordPress user to learn for the most simple of tasks, from controlling how content displays in your posts to adding HTML…. There are however a variety of methods for vertical centering and each is fairly easy to use. If you are interested in reading about the font properties, articles about the relative font. The position of the text is determined by the x and y attributes of the element. How to vertically center a clipped image in CSS. Now, we will see all the CSS positioning related properties with examples − Relative Positioning. The position is relative to the position layer set by background-origin. There's easier tricks to center than that btw. Horizontal Centering. After you upload a graphic to use in your theme, you can use CSS background properties to position it. To acquire different menu alignment and layout, we need to change the CSS settings. - Opções ->. A box can be positioned with the top, right, bottom, and left properties. CSS offers the ability to take an element completely out of the regular document stream and position it in an arbitrary spot within the browser window. The premise is simple and basically just involves a widthless float wrapper that is floated to the left and then shifted off screen to the left width position:relative; left:-50%. A web page with many images can take a long time to load and generates multiple server requests. A cheat sheet for the basics of CSS layout properties. Is there any way to center floating elements? Floated div centered. Paramore Ecuador. We can vertically align text with the position and margin properties which are used with the block-level elements. The examples below show how a table is created, sized, centered and borders are added. Divs with position: relative; 2 A div is a block element (see a list of others in the link). Assuming we have the same HTML structure as the preceding method — one parent, one child element — 50% from top and using CSS transform gives a translation of. To fully support older browsers, you may want to use vendor prefixing in your CSS. ("v")_____*frEndZshIp~wIll neVer eNd If yOu chErisH it. CSS border and outline generator - Set the properties for your box border or outline to get the CSS code. If the following code does not center-align the buttons, you will need to customize the CSS code for your WordPress theme. Set absolute positioning and negative margin. The Container Element. When using the Centered Text/Image layouts in the Layers Slider, the image will follow the content by default because the image follows the content in the HTML order. See the example using the text-align property. com I recently received an email from a visitor asking me how she could centre ("center" in US English) some text in the middle of a box. Getting elements positioned absolutely inside of a container is not terribly obvious and not very discoverable using CSS. static {position: static;}. statische Positionierung (keine Positionierung – alle Inhalte erscheinen in der Reihenfolge, in der sie im HTML-Quelltext vorliegen) position: absolute – sitzt an einer absoluten Position im Viewport oder innerhalb eines relativ positionierten Containers. background-size 属性による違い. For example, people want to know how I added/floated the AdSense unit inside my header of my flat stomach website. LOVEYOU} body,td,th { colour:pink; font-family: Tahoma; font. addtoany_content { text-align:center; }. I'm learning CSS Grid. you and me ;title> A:link { text-decoration: none; font. So, if you set those to 50%, they refer to the center of the SVG graphic itself, and if you set the SVG width and height to 100%, the text basically sits in the center of the ’s container, which could be any HTML element!. background-position-x. Position a child div relative to parent container in CSS 10 July, 2013 by Tom Elliott One of the common CSS techniques that can be a bit tricky at first is being able to absolutely position a child div element within a parent div container, relative to the parent. Another good use of relative positioning is to notch an element to a certain position relative to its container, as shown by the following figure. In this tip, I will show you how to center modal box without using JavaScript. In the code samples and examples for this article, we set the width and height of our replaced elements in CSS. You can easy and fast generate consistent CSS3 animation using simple UI without any coding. The easiest way to assign a background position is with keywords: Horizontal keywords (left, center, right) Vertical keywords (top, center, bottom) Percentages and lengths may also be used to assign the position of the background image. Most responsive layouts have multiple columns at full-size, which then collapse on mobile devices to accommodate the smaller display size. Above you can see 2 menus, one which is floated to the left and the other which is centered in the middle of the page. But for better UI we have to create custom CSS. Positioning layouts in CSS was once a very daunting task, and hacks like using tables for the entire layout were quite common. The technique is most versatile when you understand that you can nest DIV s within one another or display them side-by-side, and thus position elements in relation to a parent block-level element that is itself relatively positioned in the document. If you are interested in reading about the font properties, articles about the relative font. Defines the position of the background image. How do I position the controls (textboxes, combo boxes, labels, etc) in the center of use. Recently, a reader named Max encountered some scrolling issues while implementing our absolutely centered layout technique. A web page with many images can take a long time to load and generates multiple server requests. In this article, Stephen Shaw introduces a technique for perfect horizontal and vertical centering in CSS, at any width or height. IAC, it doesn't work with that CSS. The CSS properties for SVG elements are sometimes different from the CSS properties of HTML elements, but the overall principles remain the same. I need to place a div (with position:absolute;) element in the center of my window. The positioning is left to the default layout manager, which positions the …. With CSS, we can show just the part of the image we need. Steps to move the Submit button. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. A box can be positioned with the top, right, bottom, and left properties. Choosing how to position an element in CSS is sometimes really a choice about what side effects are most acceptable. Here, you can see an HTML5 page with two paragraphs on it. Positioning layouts in CSS was once a very daunting task, and hacks like using tables for the entire layout were quite common. One of the most asked questions in our forums is "How do I center my content?" By "centering" we mean keeping all the content centered in the browser viewing area even at different resolutions and even if a user re-sizes the page. The code is pretty simple to understand. However, the element has been deprecated, and the correct and modern way to center-align text is with CSS. Positioning and Sizing Subject to Change; This section is based on current browser behaviour and the SVG specification. Its default value, as you might imagine, is static. I've got a menu that appears on hover over an absolutely positioned div. background-position-x. It would be nice if CSS had a property called "box-align" which you could set to "center" then the child elements would be centered evenly within their parent. You also need to use display:table-cell property of CSS to make text vertically center. How to Center an Image in HTML. The CSS Grid allows you to quickly and easily position and align your content with breeze. Instead of simply allowing the website to align completely left on the screen (resulting in high-resolution users seeing your website take up only half their screen), I center the site. These will have different. positionClass property. I often see people posting on CSS discussion lists to ask how to centre a div. However, positioning an element using "position:absolute" in a center aligned website can be tricky. Of course, this doesn't mean you can't center with CSS. June 30, 2014 Center. Keyframe animations are among the most hotly anticipated additions to CSS3. Terry — the positioning trick is just a feature of CSS, has been for ages. CSS float align - Set div position left, right or center « Previous; Next » CSS float property set the elements align to a left side or right side. Ever wished you could vertically center your Bootstrap modals? Here's some code that will let you do just that. Its default value, as you might imagine, is static. With CSS positioning, you can place an element exactly where you want it on your page. A lot of people try to center element like modal box in absolute/fixed position in the center of the page via only CSS and fail, then they try to do it with JS(second mistake). The center value is what allows us to vertically center our content, so let's go ahead and specify that. , which may prove useful. However, there is a way to have a centred horizontal navigation without knowing an explicit width, and without adding CSS. It seems like something you should be able to do, doesn't it?. In some situation you may have to position one Div exactly at the center of another Div. #b-navbar { height:0px; visibility:hidden. Having this not fixed for 13 years could be excused because CSS2. Detailed CSS positioning lesson discussing clearning floats and all of the different position and box offset properties. In HTML5 websites centering and borders are done differently than in HTML 4. However, CSS2 (CSS level 2, the latest version of CSS at the time of writing) provides new ways to control positioning. CSSレイアウトを行う際にデザインによってはpositionプロパティを使わないといけない場合もあるので、今回は「absolute」「relative」「fixed」とそれぞれの使い方を解説していきたいと思います。. Horizontal centering is achieved with CSS in one of two ways, depending on what you are centering. The premise is simple and basically just involves a widthless float wrapper that is floated to the left and then shifted off screen to the left width position:relative; left:-50%. First, we're going to be a little bit more specific about our container. In this article, we will discuss the different ways to position such elements. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Positioning and Sizing Subject to Change; This section is based on current browser behaviour and the SVG specification. For example, people want to know how I added/floated the AdSense unit inside my header of my flat stomach website. default background-position: 0% 0%; The background image will be positioned at 0% on the horizontal axis and 0% on the vertical axis, which means the top left corner of the element. The auto value automatically adjusts the left and right margin and horizontally center align the div element's block box. The CSS position property defines, as the name says, how the element is positioned on the web page. CSS Basics Series - https://www. HTML / CSS Forums on Bytes. This podcast finds me on the road in a hotel catching up on my podcasts. The position of a radial gradient is the point at which the radial starts; i. CSS Lists; CSS Float ; Use CSS positioning to specify how an element is positioned and where it should be located on the page. Centring using CSS. [Solved] Centering submit button; } 9 replies If you don't mind I just post CSS and html of the form. Emmanuelle Tognoli, Center for Complex Systems and Brain. CSS 3 & 4 should be limited to widely-supported elements only, or strong fallbacks should be provided. Next the nested inner element is reversed and a relative position of +50% is applied. Horizontal Centering. Note the CSS styles used for centering the text within each of the child divisions. The next eight tables should all have 200px * 200px captions. Let's begin the absolute positioning adventure by considering the default layout mechanism. While there are many ways to do it in a variety of situations, the following is an explanation that is purely CSS, avoids messing with percentages, and is compatible with all modern browsers. html file with wordpad. Centering in CSS is a pain in the ass. once and now are DIFFERENT. *fruity dreams. This article shows you how to clip the image and center it vertically. body, p, td {font-size: 10pt; font. defaultStatus=" We're. Although it still works in most web browsers, you'll eventually be required to align images with Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). ("v")_____*frEndZshIp~wIll neVer eNd If yOu chErisH it. The default positioning for all elements is position:static, which means the element is not positioned and occurs where it normally would in the document. CSS Arrow or CSS Triangle with examples on inline, file, selector, background, border, display, float, font, margin, opacity, overflow, padding, position, text-align. The Container Element. The element was used to identify text that should be centered when rendered by a browser. In this article, we will discuss the different ways to position such elements. Quick CSS Trick: How To Center an Object Exactly In The Center. Horizontally Centered Absolute Positioning. After you upload a graphic to use in your theme, you can use CSS background properties to position it. Left, Right, Center BS3 Navbar 9SOuY3vHlF. It's actually very simple, although you need to use a few hacks for unruly browsers. A lot of people try to center element like modal box in absolute/fixed position in the center of the page via only CSS and fail, then they try to do it with JS(second mistake). Positioning layouts in CSS was once a very daunting task, and hacks like using tables for the entire layout were quite common. I have activated all of your plugins as well as the custom CSS plugin you recommend, but I still can’t seem to figure out how to change the header and logo positioning. by Stephen Sun How to center things with style in CSS If you're just starting your coding journey, and I'm lucky enough to capture your attention for a few minutes…bookmark this post now! Let's be honest. The HTML website templates that are showcased on Free CSS. CSS float align - Set div position left, right or center « Previous; Next » CSS float property set the elements align to a left side or right side. JavaFX CSS does not support CSS layout properties such as float, position, overflow, and width. Percentages are relative to the size of the element. Position Absolute Horizontal and Vertical Center via CSS. The essentail pieces of code used to center the nav are in bold. If only one value is specified, the second value is assumed to be center. See the example using the text-align property. To summarize: both masking types affect the transparency level of the element. The table remains in the left aligned position with the same table. com's CSS style sheets Tutorials resources section. Better is hard to say, absolute positioning has drawbacks such as needing to know the size of what you position. If you can accept the above necessities, the solution is:. Don’t use the CSS text-align property. Note the CSS styles used for centering the text within each of the child divisions. The article and its systematic illustration will give you an idea about how CSS properties such as position (absolute and relative), float and right actually works and how you can use them in your web applications. Whether you're building highly interactive web applications or you just need to add a date picker to a form control, jQuery UI is the perfect choice. Ok, I'm new to html and what I'm trying to do is position two pictures at the very bottom of my site on the left and right side. The information in these tutorials is essential for the WordPress user to learn for the most simple of tasks, from controlling how content displays in your posts to adding HTML…. Perfect horizontal AND vertical centering in CSS, at any width or height! Works with percentage based width/height, min-/max- width, images, position. defaultStatus=" not. Centering Things in CSS Using Flexbox Centering of elements on a page, especially vertical centering, has been notoriously difficult to do in the past with CSS and we've had to resolve to a number of hacks. So, if you set those to 50%, they refer to the center of the SVG graphic itself, and if you set the SVG width and height to 100%, the text basically sits in the center of the ’s container, which could be any HTML element!. Foundation for Emails. June 30, 2014 Center. These can positioned in a fixed location or flow with the screen as the browser window size is adjusted. CSS Tools: Reset CSS. Before you attempt to move the position of the Submit button, make sure you’re familiar with creating custom CSS files in Wufoo – you’ll need to create one and attach it to your theme. So the browser doesn't change the position of the element, because of overflow:hidden (like the title of this post suggests). I am not really sure how. For additional help, consult your theme's author or the WordPress Support forum for themes. "Aha," you think. This podcast finds me on the road in a hotel catching up on my podcasts. html file tests the using of the getElementById method to dynamically change div color, size, and coordinates in interesting ways. Center an image with css. Let’s create some div and assign the margin, padding and border properties. Choosing how to position an element in CSS is sometimes really a choice about what side effects are most acceptable. Please view source for. ("v")_____*frEndZshIp~wIll neVer eNd If yOu chErisH it. Most responsive layouts have multiple columns at full-size, which then collapse on mobile devices to accommodate the smaller display size. center: 親要素が position:static のときはウィンドウ、親要素が position:static 以外の時は親要素の中央を基準位置とし、top, left あるいは right, bottom で指定されたオフセットの位置に表示します。 page: 未稿。 fixed. As of CSS level 2, the only characters that require escaping when in a string are the string delimiters and control characters. You also need to use display:table-cell property of CSS to make text vertically center. default background-position: 0% 0%; The background image will be positioned at 0% on the horizontal axis and 0% on the vertical axis, which means the top left corner of the element. Vertical Centering in valid CSS - Example. In this tutorial, we will learn how to create a great looking search box using CSS (Cascading Style Sheets). Most of the alignment properties are applied on the grid container, but some are for grid items, for when you want to specify values that apply only for specific grid items. The trick is quite simple, instead of using only one wrapper element, use two elements. This position stuff might make a little more sense in a practical example. I’ve usually skipped over the topic of vertical centering, since there are some good posts already out …. maybe next time don't reply at all or repor to a mod) but I do understand your frustration at that point in the thread on the technical stuff, of course. There are however a variety of methods for vertical centering and each is fairly easy to use. It will make your code more readable and succinct.